The Digital Media Manifesto

 

Source

L. Chiariglione

Title

Further suggestions for the Digital Media Manifesto

No.

030925ingram01

 

In the Executive Summary:

The Digital Media Manifesto identifies the need for coordinated policy and technical actions to achieve this fuller realisation of Digital Media. The technical actions require, as explicit critical success factors, the development of specifications for interoperable Digital Rights Management (DRM) platforms technically open to value-chain players and for interoperable end-user devices, and the development of recommended practices for end-to-end conformance assessment.

should read

The Digital Media Manifesto identifies the need for coordinated policy and technical actions to achieve this fuller realisation of Digital Media.

Policy actions include:

Technical actions require, as explicit critical success factors, the development of


The Vision

The Digital Media Manifesto proposes to make an improved Digital Media experience economically rewarding on a global scale -- legitimate for the multiplicity of players on the value chain and satisfactory for end users -- by overcoming significant and challenging obstacles.

should read

The Digital Media Project will unleash the Digital Media Experience by overcoming significant and challenging obstacles. Sustainable cultural and economic growth are to be enabled on a global scale.


2 Breaking the Digital Media Stalemate

In Digital media (last sentence)

The perceived difficulty is that end users get a great new DM experience, but this is achieved with increased risk of abuse of other people's Intellectual Property (IP).

should read

The perceived difficulty is that in the short term end users get a great new DM experience, but that this depends on the existence of viable producers. Producers - especially those with large budgets - who cannot plough revenues back into new productions will eventually cease to produce, so there will be nothing new left to experience.


In Legal solutions so far (last sentence)

But primarily because governmentally sanctioned enforcement and punishment is only a deterrent, so legal solutions play an important role in coping with an emergency yet are inherently inadequate by themselves in the long run.

should read

But primarily because governmentally sanctioned enforcement and punishment is only a deterrent, so legal solutions play an important role in coping with an emergency. In the long run however, a reform of the legal framework, simple enough to be respected by end users and predictable for business players is one of the aims of the DMP.


In One Stalemate, two sets of consequences:

The Economic Damage: because we are deprived of a fuller Digital Media experience, economic development in a multitude of industrial domains - e.g. networks, devices and software - goes forward without a major driver for growth.

should read

The Economic Damage: We are being deprived of a fuller Digital Media experience because economic development in a multitude of industrial domains - e.g. networks, devices and software - is proceeding within a murky legal framework, and without a major driver for growth.


In Acting on two fronts to break through

the first bullet list (On the policy and legal side) should include

Ensure that international laws are harmonised according to a few simple principles which are comprehensible to the general public and predictable for industry.

(I think I'd make that the first bullet.)

In the second bullet list (On the technical side)

The first bullet should not begin "Different value-chain players...", but "All users..."

There should be a new item:

Creative individuals and institutions can check that they are not being plagiarised and that they are being quoted and referenced correctly.


3.1.2. Phasing out analogue legacies applied to digital recording

First paragraph, last sentence:

However, it was the mass sale of consumer recording devices, such as the reel-to-reel tape recorder, in the early 1950's, which created a significant difficulty.

should read

However, it was the mass sale of duplicating devices, such as reel-to-reel tape recorders or photocopying machines, in the early 1950's, which created a significant difficulty.


Fourth paragraph, first two sentences:

As is widely acknowledged, digital has placed the ability to make perfect copies in the hands of practically anyone possessing a computer. Also, the Internet has enabled copied material to be freely exchanged, irrespective of what the law says.

would be nicer as

As is widely acknowledged, digital technology has placed the ability to make perfect copies in the hands of anyone possessing a computer. Also, the Internet has enabled copied material to be freely exchanged, regardless of what the law says.


First paragraph below the first bullet list:

The revenues deriving from levies are managed by national Collecting Societies and apportioned to the rights holders in accordance with their rights and contracts. Hence, creators and producers (by virtue of their neighbouring rights and their contracts with creators) benefit from this compensation if they are registered in Collecting Societies.

should read

The revenues deriving from levies are managed by national Collecting Societies and apportioned to their members in accordance with their rights and contracts. Hence, creators and producers (by virtue of their neighbouring rights and their contracts with creators) benefit from this compensation if they are registered in Collecting Societies. This unfairly discriminates against creators who are not members of such societies.

The list of concerns about the DM levy should include:

As the cultural importance of the networked distribution of creative work increases, the membership of Collecting Societies is becoming increasingly less representative of the creative community. The societies cannot therefore distribute the levy fairly.