The Digital Media Project  
Source L. Chiariglione
Title A table of Traditional Rights and Usages (TRU) of Media Users No. 040102chiariglione01r42

Purpose of this contribution is to list Traditional Rights and Usages (TRU) of media users. Starting from a short list of TRUs proposed by the original author, today this document provides a significant, although still incomplete, list of TRUs as a result of contributions from subscribers to the public DMP reflector.

A significant, but still incomplete, number of TRUs have been analysed according to the criteria of 040102chiariglione02. The first DMP General Assembly has produced a draft list of requirements that will be used to develop Technical Specifications and Recommended Practices.

The following acronyms

RH : Right Holder
MM   Middleman
EU   End-User

and categories

A : Already-established legislative TRUs of content creators
B : Already-established legislative TRUs belonging to end-users
C : Commercial and remuneration TRUs of direct economic significance
D : TRUs related to general social liberties
E : Fundamental TRUs from historical practice and interaction with analogue media
F : Consumer-choice TRUs relevant to the high-tech environment

are used in the tables.

Table of TRUs ordered by sequential number

# Cat TRU RH MM EU Template
01 B TRU to quote X Template
02 E TRU to make personal copy X Template
03 D TRU to space shift content X Template
04 D TRU to time shift content X Template
05 F TRU to make playback device X X Template
06 F TRU to choose playback device X Template
07 B TRU to use content whose copyright has expired X X X Template
08 D TRU to communicate privately X Template
09 D TRU to publish content anonymously X Template
10 D TRU to use content anonymously X Template
11 A TRU of attribution X Template
12 D TRU of anonymity X Template
13 E TRU to annotate for personal use X Template
14 E TRU to edit for personal use X Template
15 C TRU not to be counterfeited X Template
16 C TRU that sales displays will follow acceptable practice X Template
17 C TRU to be ignorant of usage X Template
18 E TRU to apply a rating to a piece of content X Template
19 D TRU of continued access X Template
20 D TRU of political freedom X X X Template
21 D TRU of freedom of art X Template
22 A TRU to be recognized as the author (paternity) X Template
23 A TRU not to be miscredited as the author (misattribution) X Template
24 A TRU for the author's work not to be tampered with (integrity) X Template
25 C TRU of "First sale"/Personal loan X Template
26 D TRU to transcode X Template
27 E TRU to make prohibited content inaccessible Template
28 E TRU to time based advertising Template
29 D TRU to digital media rental Template
30 D TRU to freedom from monitoring X Template
31 F TRU of reverse engineering X X Template
32 A TRU of withdrawal/objection X Template
33 B TRU of fair use X Template
34 A TRU of reproduction X Template
35 C TRU of economic exploitation X Template
36 A TRU of distribution X Template
37 C TRU of contractual commerce X X X Template
38 C TRU of reciprocal protection X Template
39 C TRU of respect for sale royalties terms and conditions X Template
40 C TRU of respect for performance royalties terms and conditions X Template
41 C TRU of respect for resale royalties terms and conditions X Template
42 C TRU of equitable remuneration X Template
43 A TRU of reputation X Template
44 C TRU of reasonable modification X Template
45 A TRU of first publication/disclosure X Template
46 A TRU of parody X Template
47 A TRU of factual reporting X Template
48 A TRU to restrict access to unpublished material X Template
49 A TRU of lending X Template
50 A TRU of translation X Template
51 C TRU of regional pricing X Template
52 B TRU of unpublished recording X Template
53 B TRU of developing nations exception X Template
54 B TRU of copying for classroom instruction X Template
55 B TRU to access content in libraries X Template
56 E TRU of authenticity of content guaranteed X X X Template
57 F TRU to choose the service X X Template
58 F TRU to choose the delivery system X X Template
59 A TRU of moral rights X Template
60 C TRU of rental X Template
61 A TRU of communication to the public X Template
62 A TRU of applying technological access restrictions X Template
63 E TRU to distribute lower-resolution copies only X Template
64 E TRU to compel real-time only consumption X Template
65 E TRU to restrict place of use X Template
66 E TRU to restrict time of use X Template
67 F TRU to make content creation device X X Template
68 F TRU to assign content description X X Template
69 F TRU to access content of one's choice X Template
70 F TRU to run applications of one's choice X Template
71 F TRU to attach playback devices of one's choice to a network X Template
72 F TRU to access information about content X Template
73 E TRU to share content with members of a group X Template
74 D TRU to improve end-user experience X X Template
75 F TRU to choose security X X X Template
76 A TRU to restrict adaptation X X Template
77 A TRU to restrict performance X X Template
78 C TRU contracting for middle-men to broadcast X X Template
79 C TRU contracting for middle-men to publish X X Template
80 C TRU contracting for middle-men to release X X Template
81 C TRU contracting for middle-men to promote X X Template
82 E TRU of adaptation X Template
83 C TRU of performance X Template
84 A TRU not to apply DRM to a piece of content X Template
85 C TRU to syndication X X Template
86 C TRU to choose mode of economic compensation X X Template
87 A TRU to determine context of use X X Template
88 E TRU to make a print of a video scene (repurposing) X Template

Table of TRUs ordered by category

Cat. # TRU RH MM EU Template
A 11 TRU of attribution X Template
A 22 TRU to be recognized as the author (paternity) X Template
A 23 TRU not to be miscredited as the author (misattribution) X Template
A 24 TRU for the author's work not to be tampered with (integrity) X Template
A 32 TRU of withdrawal/objection X Template
A 34 TRU of reproduction X Template
A 36 TRU of distribution X Template
A 43 TRU of reputation X Template
A 45 TRU of first publication/disclosure X Template
A 46 TRU of parody X Template
A 47 TRU of factual reporting X Template
A 48 TRU to restrict access to unpublished material X Template
A 49 TRU of lending X Template
A 50 TRU of translation X Template
A 59 TRU moral rights X Template
A 61 TRU communication to the public X Template
A 62 TRU of applying technological access restrictions X Template
A 76 TRU to restrict adaptation X X Template
A 77 TRU to restrict performance X X Template
A 84 TRU not to apply DRM to a piece of content X Template
A 87 TRU to determine context of use Template
B 01 TRU to quote X Template
B 07 TRU to use content whose copyright has expired X X X Template
B 33 TRU of fair use X Template
B 52 TRU of unpublished recording X Template
B 53 TRU of developing nations exception X Template
B 54 TRU of copying for classroom instruction X Template
B 55 TRU to access content in libraries X Template
C 15 TRU not to be counterfeited X Template
C 16 TRU that sales displays will follow acceptable practice X Template
C 17 TRU to be ignorant of usage X Template
C 25 TRU of "First sale"/Personal loan X Template
C 35 TRU of economic exploitation X Template
C 37 TRU of contractual commerce X X X Template
C 38 TRU of reciprocal protection X Template
C 39 TRU of respect for sale royalties terms and conditions X Template
C 40 TRU of respect for performance royalties terms and conditions X Template
C 41 TRU of respect for resale royalties terms and conditions X Template
C 42 TRU of equitable remuneration X Template
C 44 TRU of reasonable modification X Template
C 51 TRU of regional pricing X Template
C 60 TRU of rental X Template
C 78 TRU contracting for middle-men to broadcast X X Template
C 79 TRU contracting for middle-men to publish X X Template
C 80 TRU contracting for middle-men to release X X Template
C 81 TRU contracting for middle-men to promote X X Template
C 83 TRU of performance X Template
C 85 TRU to syndication X X Template
C 86 TRU to choose mode of economic compensation X X Template
D 03 TRU to space shift content X Template
D 04 TRU to time shift content X Template
D 08 TRU to communicate privately X Template
D 09 TRU to publish content anonymously X Template
D 10 TRU to use content anonymously X Template
D 12 TRU of anonymity X Template
D 19 TRU of continued access X Template
D 20 TRU of political freedom X X X Template
D 21 TRU of freedom of art X Template
D 26 TRU to transcode X Template
D 29 TRU f digital media rental Template
D 30 TRU of freedom from monitoring X Template
D 74 TRU to improve end-user experience X X Template
E 02 TRU to make personal copy X Template
E 13 TRU to annotate for personal use X Template
E 14 TRU to edit for personal use X Template
E 18 TRU to apply a rating to a piece of content X Template
E 27 TRU to make prohibited content inaccessible Template
E 28 TRU of time based advertising Template
E 56 TRU of authenticity of content guaranteed X X X Template
E 63 TRU to distribute lower-resolution copies only X Template
E 64 TRU to compel real-time only consumption X Template
E 65 TRU to restrict place of use X Template
E 66 TRU to restrict time of use X Template
E 73 TRU to share content with members of a group X Template
E 82 TRU of adaptation X Template
E 88 TRU to make a print of a video scene (repurposing) X Template
F 05 TRU to make playback device X X Template
F 06 TRU to choose playback device X Template
F 31 TRU of reverse engineering X X Template
F 57 TRU to choose the service X X Template
F 58 TRU to choose the delivery system X X Template
F 67 TRU to make content creation device X X Template
F 68 TRU to assign content description X X Template
F 69 TRU to access content of one's choice X Template
F 70 TRU to run applications of one's choice X Template
F 71 TRU to attach playback devices of one's choice to a network X Template
F 72 TRU to access information about content X Template
F 75 TRU to choose security X X Template